Sights in Istria
Explore popular tourist destinations in beautiful Istria.
Destinations in Istria will leave every researcher breathless. Numerous locations full of cultural, historical, natural and other sights.
Svetvinčenat, Savičenta, San Vincenti, three names for the same place, deriving from the name of its patron, Hispanic martyr Saint Vincent and the abbey holding the same name around which the town has developed.
The renaissance town of Svetvinčenat, one of the pearls of Istria, which has become a tourism hot spot due mainly to the many events taking place in the attractive historical corners of our town. The very heart of Svetvinčenat is its main square, called „Placa“, together with Morosini-Grimani castle, the landmark of the place and one of the most important Venetian fortifications in Istria. What makes the cultural heritage of Svetvinčenat a memorable experience are the wall frescoes to be found in St Vincent’s chapel next to the cemetery and in St Catherine’s church.
Each years, this special little town is home to many visitors attracted by its rich tradition and its interesting and diverse events, among which the best known are the Medieval festival, the Cheese festival and the Dance and non-verbal theatre festival.
FAMOUS TOURIST DESTINATION
City of Rovinj
The first mention of Rovinj as Castrum Rubini, as far as we know, is found in the work of Cosmographia by the Anonymous Raven. The work, dating from the 7th century, with a wealth of geographic information relating to the 5th century from which the chronicler Benussi from Rovinj concludes that Rovinj was created in the period from III. to V.st.
According to archeological findings, the surroundings of present-day Rovinj were inhabited already in the prehistoric period – the Bronze and Iron Ages, when the Istrian culture flourished in Istria, which lived and traded there with the Greeks and Etruscans. Recent incidental findings indicate the existence of life already at the turn of the II. to the 1st millennium on the island (since 1763. peninsula) on which is situated present-day Rovinj.
Arena – Amfiteatar in Pula
The most famous and important monument, the starting and ending point of every sightseeing tour is the Amphitheater, popularly called the Arena of Pula, which was once the site of gladiator fights. It was built in the 1st century AD during the reign of Emperor Vespasian, at the same time as the magnificent Colosseum in Rome.
The ground plan is elliptical, the longer axis measuring about 130 m and the shorter one about 100 m. Gladiator fights took place in the central flat area called the arena, while the spectators could sit on the stone tiers or stand in the gallery. It is believed that the Amphitheater could seat about 20,000 spectators. Local limestone was used for its construction. In the middle Ages it was the site of knight’s tournaments and fairs.
Piece of histroy
The Euphrasian Basilica in Poreč
Najvrjednije kulturno dobro Poreča, Eufrazijeva bazilika, 1997. godine uvrštena je na UNESCO-vu listu svjetske baštine. Ranokršćanski sklop jedini je cjeloviti sačuvan spomenik iz toga vremena u svijetu.
Podignuta u vrijeme biskupa Eufrazija, u 6. stoljeću, obuhvaća atrij, krstionicu, biskupsku palaču, mozaike i ostatke sakralnih objekata iz razdoblja od 3. do 4. stoljeća. Mozaici kojima su oslikani unutrašnjost i pročelje crkve ubrajaju se u vrijednu ostavštinu bizantske umjetnosti, a zahvaljujući podnim mozaicima i očuvanim natpisima mogu se iščitati sva razdoblja njezine izgradnje i obnavljanja.
North of Rovinj, about a 20 minute car-ride away, one of the most beautiful natural resources of the Istrian peninsula, Lim Bay, is located, also known under the name of the Lim channel of the Lim fiord. Of course, both expressions are incorrect since the geological beginnings are interpreted through the erosive activity of the Pazinčica, a rivulet that now is in its largest part a small gulf.
Lim Fiord is part of the 35 km long Lim Valley (Draga), which stretches almost to the center of Istria, to the town of Pazin. The Fiord itself is a little bit longer than 10 km, it is 30 meters deep and its widest part is around 600 meters wide. From both sides very steep mountains rise, in some parts even up to 100 meters.
Untouched nature of beautiful islands
Brijuni National park
Veliki Brijun is the largest, most beautiful and most visited Brijuni island. Its area is 560 ha and the length of the coastline is 25.9 km. This island is an exceptional example of harmony achieved by the intertwining of nature and the human touch
Veliki Brijun is partly cultivated into a harmonious landscape of lawns and landscape parks, and besides exceptionally valuable remains of architectural heritage, it contains preserved vegetation types typical for the western Istrian climate.
History of Istria
At the foot of the Motovun hill, the mythical Jason and the Argonauts sailed along the Mirna River, but the first inhabitants to leave traces populated this area in the period between 3,500 and 2,200 B.C. The first mention of Motovun in written records dates back to 804 and after centuries of domination by the Germans and the Patriarchs of Aquileia, Motovun asked Venice to be accepted under its rule in 1278 and remained so until 1797. At the time of the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy this area was renowned for the growing of trees used in ship-building.